January 28, 2023

Everyone knows to call 999 if someone is unconscious and not breathing properly, but less is known about how to perform a life-saving skill before the ambulance crews show up.

Cardiac arrest, when the heart suddenly stops pumping blood throughout the body, is the most extreme medical emergency. Victims can die within minutes without any treatment.

But CPR, when someone gives chest compressions to a person in cardiac arrest, can keep patients alive until paramedics arrive.

Former TOWIE star Mark Wright revealed yesterday how he rushed to perform CPR on a stranger while on holiday in Tenerife, but was too late to keep him alive.

Here MailOnline shares the British Heart Foundation’s step-by-step guide to giving CPR.

If the person is not breathing or is not breathing normally, call 999 and ask someone to find a defibrillator.

To Begin Chest Compressions, Kneel Next To The Victim And Place The Palm Of One Hand In The Center Of The Victim'S Chest.  Place The Other Hand On Top Of The First And Interlock The Fingers.  Keeping Your Arms Straight, Use The Palm Of Your Hand To Push Down Firmly Between The Sternum (About 2-2.5 Inches) And Release.  Do This At A Rate Of 100 To 120 Chest Compressions Per Minute, About Two Per Second.

To begin chest compressions, kneel next to the victim and place the palm of one hand in the center of the victim’s chest. Place the other hand on top of the first and interlock the fingers. Keeping your arms straight, use the palm of your hand to push down firmly between the sternum (about 2-2.5 inches) and release. Do this at a rate of 100 to 120 chest compressions per minute, about two per second.

Cardiac arrest occurs when there is an electrical problem in the heart that interrupts a normal heartbeat.

This prevents blood from moving through the body, meaning the brain and other vital organs are deprived of oxygen.

Victims fall unconscious and stop breathing as a result.

This is different from a heart attack, which occurs when one of the coronary arteries becomes blocked, cutting off the blood supply to the heart. However, a heart attack can lead to cardiac arrest.

Passersby should call 999 immediately if someone does not answer.

Victims only have minutes to live, meaning emergency care is required immediately, before ambulance crews arrive.

CPR, known medically as cardiopulmonary resuscitation, must be performed when a person is unconscious and not breathing, or not breathing properly, even if their heart is still beating.

This is called respiratory arrest and will quickly progress to cardiac arrest without CPR.

If a person is unconscious but breathing normally, they should be placed in the recovery position.

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How to give CPR to babies and children

The method for performing life-saving CPR on infants and children is different from that on adults.

How to Perform CPR on Babies Under One Year Old

1. Turn the child on his back, open his mouth and tilt his head back.

2. Seal her mouth and nose with your mouth and exhale firmly until her chest rises. Give five of these rescue breaths.

3. Place two fingers in the center of the child’s chest and push down about 4 cm. Repeat 30 times, allowing the chest to come back up before pushing back down.

4. After 30 compressions, give two rescue breaths. Repeat until emergency help arrives or the child shows signs of consciousness, such as breathing, moving, or opening their eyes.

How to perform CPR on a child from one to 18 years old

1. Turn the child on his back, open his mouth and tilt his head back.

2. Pinch her nose, seal her mouth with yours, and exhale forcefully until her chest rises. Give five of these rescue breaths.

3. Place one hand in the center of the child’s chest and push down about a third of the way. Repeat 30 times, allowing the chest to come back up before pushing back down.

4. After 30 compressions, give two rescue breaths. Repeat until emergency help arrives or the child shows signs of consciousness, such as breathing, moving, or opening their eyes.

Font: British Heart Foundation

Step 1

If an adult seems unconscious, shake them gently by the shoulders and ask aloud if they are okay.

Step 2

If the person is not breathing or is not breathing normally, have someone call 999 and ask someone to find a publicly accessible defibrillator (PAD).

Call 999 yourself if no one is around. Call handlers will instruct you on how to perform CPR.

Step 3

Start chest compressions.

Kneel next to the victim and place the palm of one hand in the center of the victim’s chest. Place the other hand on top of the first and interlock the fingers.

Keeping your arms straight, use the palm of your hand to push down firmly between the sternum (about 2-2.5 inches) and release.

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Do this at a rate of 100 to 120 chest compressions per minute, about two per second.

Songs like Stayin’ Alive by the Bee Gees, Eye of the Tiger by Survivor, and Wannabe by the Spice Girls have 100 to 120 beats per minute, so doctors recommend thinking about these songs while performing CPR.

Stage 4

Continue performing chest compressions until 999 crews arrive on scene and take over, or the person begins to regain consciousness, coughing, opening their eyes, speaking, or breathing normally.

If someone is nearby, it can be done in turns.

step 5

If a defibrillator is found, turn it on and follow its instructions.

The machine will detect if a shock is needed. Some of the devices will give downloads without warning, while others will prompt if a download needs to be pushed to apply the download.

rescue breaths

While performing chest compressions, give rescue breaths if you feel comfortable doing so.

The British Heart Foundation says that non-mouth-to-mouth CPR is still very effective in keeping the heart pumping.

To give rescue breaths, gently tilt the person’s head back and lift the chin with two fingers.

Pinch his nose. Seal your mouth over theirs and blow hard for a second. Do this twice.

Then pump the chest for a count of 30 before giving another two rescue breaths.

Mark Wright, 35, told this week how he performed CPR on a man who was staying at the same hotel as him during a holiday in Tenerife.

He explained that during his trip with his wife Michelle Keegan, 35, a woman approached him ‘in an uproar’ about her husband having collapsed.

Emotional at recalling the incident, Mark, who had recently learned CPR, said: “I did what I could – it was there for a while before I got there.”

He wasn’t necessarily alive when I gave him CPR, but he allowed the ambulance to put him on a life support machine.

He was not pronounced dead while in my hands.

In this situation, the man passed away, but it gave the family some time, Mark added.

Mark was praised by the man’s daughter, Victoria, on social media for his quick actions.

She wrote: ‘It was my dad who had the cardiac arrest in Tenerife.

‘I want to thank you again for your help and support, without him my mother would not have had the chance to say goodbye to dad.

“You are an absolute star and I am so thankful you were there, you did your best and I will be forever grateful.”

A spokesperson for the British Heart Foundation (BHF) said: “Tragically, we know that less than one in 10 survive out-of-hospital cardiac arrest in this country, a statistic we are determined to improve by giving everyone the opportunity to learn CPR. .

‘Our online CPR training tool, RevivR, is a free, fast and easy way to learn from scratch or refresh your skills.

“All it takes is 15 minutes, and it could teach you the skills to save a life.”

The RevivR online training tool covers how to recognize if someone is having cardiac arrest, how to push your chest out, how to make an emergency call and get help, and how to use a defibrillator.

It comes as the Department for Education (DfE) confirmed today that all 20,000 public schools in England will receive a defibrillator by the end of this academic year.

DfE hopes the move will save the lives of students, staff and visitors to the school. The device increases the chance of survival from cardiac arrest by more than 40 percent if used within three to five minutes.

Schools are already required to teach first aid as part of the curriculum, and high school students are taught CPR and defibrillators.

Sue Hampshire, Director of Clinical and Service Development at Resuscitation Council UK, said: “Early CPR and defibrillation can more than double survival rates, so this initiative will help save young lives.”

“Anyone can use a defibrillator, they tell you exactly what to do.”

But he said the program could save even more lives if they are placed at the school gates, where they can be accessed by the entire community, rather than just those inside the school.