Just over half of women under 45 are having babies in the US, according to official data exposing the country’s drought.
From 2002 to 2019, the proportion of women aged 15-45 with at least one child fell from 59.9 percent to 52.1 percent, a drop of one-eighth.
The figure dropped from 46.7 percent to 39.7 percent in men over the same time, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) national survey.
The total birth rate fell by 13 percent between 2002 and 2019, from 13.9 births per 1,000 inhabitants to 12.
The results highlight America’s staggeringly low birth rate — which some experts fear could spark a crisis decades in the future. However, more recent data coming out of the pandemic shows that the birth rate may now be rising, as a positive sign.
The number of American women with at least one child has fallen to just 52.1 percent, while the number of men has fallen to 39.7 percent in 2019
The average American woman under 45 has 1.1 children, while the average man has 0.8, the CDC reports
Men now have their first child on average at 26.4 years old, while women give birth for the first time at 23.7 years. Both have increased dramatically over the past two decades
Many experts have warned that the US will face a labor shortage for the next half century due to the declining birth rate.
It is feared that this will lead to economic stagnation and that public services will be unable to care for the elderly population without a strong base of younger taxpayers supporting them.
The rising age of women in the US and declining birth rates have been attributed to women putting off having children for careers until later in life, as well as advances in IVF and other fertility treatments.
The CDC also highlighted the rising cost of parenting — with estimates suggesting it costs more than $300,000 to raise a child to age 18.
These rising costs are part of the reason many have put off starting a family in recent decades.
Women have their first child when they are now 0.8 years older than in 2002 – with the average age having moved from 22.9 to 23.7 years.
Men have always had their first child at an older age than women, but they experienced a similar increase in age when they first became a parent – from 25.1 to 26.4 years old.
These numbers do not take into account the Covid pandemic, which has likely pushed the average age up as teenage pregnancy rates fell alongside an overall fall in fertility.
In the recently published study, the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS), a division of the CDC, reports 3.7 million U.S. births in 2019 — a slight decrease from the previous year.
Over a five-year period, researchers surveyed 21,441 men and women age 44 or younger across America to collect data on birth and fertility.
They found that women were more likely to have children than men, were likely to age at a younger age, and reported having more children on average.
Researchers found that 52.1 percent of women had at least one child.
This is down from 54.9 percent in 2015 — the most recent previous version of the survey — and a huge drop from the nearly 60 percent of women under 45 who were older in 2002.
In the men, the fall was even more drastic. Just under 47 percent reported being older in 2002, but in 2019 that figure dropped below 40 percent.
North Dakota, South Dakota and Alaska are the most fertile states in America, with more than 65 annual births per 1,000 fertile elderly women
Fertility rates fell the most since 2005 in Utah, Arizona, Colorado, Nevada and California
America’s total birth rate has fallen in recent decades, with the US Census highlighting the 2008 recession as a turning point in America’s fertility decline
An average American woman under age 45 has 1.1 children, up from 1.3 in 2002. Men fell below the figure of one per member of the population in 2010, from 1.0 to 0.9. In 2019, the average man had 0.8 children.
A Mediterranean diet can help solve fertility problems
With its focus on fruits, vegetables and beans, the Mediterranean diet has long been touted for its many health benefits.
Now research shows it can help overcome infertility, making it a simple strategy for couples trying to conceive.
The Mediterranean diet may improve fertility, assisted reproductive technology success and sperm quality in men, a review by Australian researchers found.
It is believed that the diet — which has also been found to protect against conditions related to inflammation, such as cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes — may boost fertility by reducing inflammation.
The study, conducted by scientists from Monash University, the University of the Sunshine Coast and the University of South Australia, assessed research into how diet can affect conception.
While Americans are having fewer children now than two decades ago, they are also having children later than in years past.
While fertility rates in the US have fallen almost across the board, some states have experienced it significantly more than others.
In Arizona, the number of births per 1,000 women under age 45 in the state has fallen from 80.6 in 2005 to 54 in 2020 — a 33 percent decline in 15 years.
Utah, once America’s most fertile state, has seen its fertility rate drop 31 percent, from 92.8 births per 1,000 women under 45 to 64.1.
Other states such as Colorado (26 percent drop in birth rate), Nevada (26 percent), California (26 percent), and New Mexico (25 percent) were also among the states with the sharpest decline.
North Dakota was the only state where the birth rate rose by four percent from 64.8 to 67.4 over a 15-year period. Louisiana experienced no change in birth rate.
While numerous factors can cause this decline, experts point to two main culprits.
First, women now make up a larger portion of the workforce than ever before.
They are more likely to graduate from high school or college than their male peers – and as a result, achieve higher levels in their respective careers.
In turn, many women have put off having a child in their younger years – staying focused on their work instead.
There are also economic factors at play. The US Census Bureau points to the 2008 recession as a trigger for declining birth rates in America.
The recession caused many families to lose large chunks of their savings and lost jobs in every industry, making it more difficult for many families to bring in another child.
As more Americans go to college and the cost of education rises, so too has the share of the population in their early twenties with thousands of dollars in debt.
Many may put off starting a family until they are at a safer point in life — and for some Americans, that may never come.
The use of contraceptives such as condoms, contraception and other forms of family planning are also now more common than in previous years.